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COVID-19 Relief Bill Could Stave Off Historic Wave Of Evictions

For months, the warning was clear from economists, housing advocates and public health experts: Without more help from Congress, millions of Americans could be evicted, in the dead of winter, in the middle of a raging pandemic.

"I can't construct a darker scenario," Moody's Analytics chief economist Mark Zandi told NPR in November. "It's absolutely critical that lawmakers step up."

Now lawmakers finally have. So long as it can get past some last-minute oppositionfrom President Trump, the compromise rescue bill extends a federal eviction moratorium, sets aside $25 billion for rental assistance and extends unemployment benefits that were about to expire for 12 million people.

John Henneberger, who heads up Texas Housers, a housing nonprofit, says $25 billion is just a down payment to prevent an eviction train wreck. "But we have a little breathing room, and we should be very grateful for that."

Christina Rosales, the group's deputy director, says that tenants can qualify for up to 15 months of rental assistance and that this will cover months of unpaid back rent. "It will provide relief to millions of people who have been struggling to pay rent," she says.

The bill will also extend an order from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that's aimed at preventing evictions. Rosales says that the so-called CDC eviction ban isn't an outright ban and that too many tenantsare getting evicted in spite of it. But she says the order does protect many others, so extending it is crucial.

How to apply for help and who should qualify

The rental assistance money will be distributed by states and cities. Renters will apply for the help, and the money will be sent directly to their landlords. If a landlord doesn't cooperate, the tenant can access the funds directly.

Renters looking for assistance can call 211 or go to the website www.211.org, says Andrew Aurand, vice president for research at the National Low Income Housing Coalition. It's a confidential referral and information help line. "They could tell you which organizations to go to or how to apply for emergency rental assistance in your area." He says information should be available on state and city websites as well.

Landlords may also have a powerful incentive to work with tenants instead of evicting them. Lawyers with housing groups say that given the language in the bill, assistance is available only if the tenant is still in the property. So a landlord wouldn't be able to recoup lost rent if the landlord had already evicted the tenant.

To get the money to the people who need it most, the bill requires renters' incomes to be below 80% of median income; that is calculated based on recent income during the coronavirus pandemic. So someone who made more money last year but lost his or her job this year can qualify.

All of this is good news to people who've fallen behind on rent.

Ana Braxton of Seattle owes $10,000 in back rent after losing her job as a hair stylist during the pandemic. She says news of rental assistance on the way is letting the family feel OK buying her two kids a few modest presents for Christmas. "We're still gonna be afloat," she says.
/ Ana Braxton
Ana Braxton
Ana Braxton of Seattle owes $10,000 in back rent after losing her job as a hair stylist during the pandemic. She says news of rental assistance on the way is letting the family feel OK buying her two kids a few modest presents for Christmas. "We're still gonna be afloat," she says.

"It's definitely a relief for me," says Ana Braxton, who lives in Seattle and lost her job as a hair stylist after COVID-19 hit. Her husband also had his hours cut back, and she says they owe about $10,000 in back rent.

"I mean obviously the timing is significant just because it is Christmas this week," Braxton says. "Just being able to be like, 'OK, we can still get certain things for Christmas. We can still do this, and we're still gonna be OK.' " Now, she says, she and her husband will be able to buy their kids a few modest presents. "We're still gonna be afloat."

Landlords need to stay afloat too. And landlord groups have been asking for rental assistance since the outbreak began. They argue that it's not fair to have eviction moratoriums and not provide a way for them to get paid for the back rent.

So Greg Brown of the National Apartment Association is happy to see the $25 billion in rental assistance in the bill. "The Congress has appropriated an enormous sum of money to help people stay in their homes and help the people that provide those homes," he says.

"Even though it's at the eleventh hour. And we certainly would prefer it wasn't," Brown says. "It came together and a lot of people are going to be helped, which is a huge deal."

Speaking of the eleventh hour, the bill has of course hit another last-minute snag. The president has attacked it. The bill passed with a veto-proof majority in Congress. But for now it's still sitting on the president's desk.

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

NPR correspondent Chris Arnold is based in Boston. His reports are heard regularly on NPR's award-winning newsmagazines Morning Edition, All Things Considered, and Weekend Edition. He joined NPR in 1996 and was based in San Francisco before moving to Boston in 2001.