© 2024 WRVO Public Media
NPR News for Central New York
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
0:00 0:00
Available On Air Stations

Control of state Senate could come down to the wire

November's election will determine whether Democrats or Republicans control the New York state Senate in the next term, and it could come down to just a few hundred votes in a small number of key Senate contests. Both sides are hopeful that they will be victorious.

The state Senate has been run by Republicans for much of the last several decades, but in recent years the GOP has hung on by a shrinking margin. In 2008, the last presidential election year, Democrats took the majority by just one seat. In 2010, Republicans regained control, also by a one vote margin.

Senator Tom Libous, of Binghamton, is head of the Republican Senate Campaign Committee. Libous is confident that the GOP will stay on top on November 6. “I believe that we’ll have 34 seats,” said Libous. “And there’s a possibility for more.”

Thirty-two seats are needed for either party to hold the majority.

Republicans have a money advantage over the Democrats, with access to an estimated $18 million for campaigns, in comparison to the Democrats’ just over $3 million.  And the GOP was able to draw new Senate district lines that favor Republicans, including the creation of a 63rd Senate seat, which attempts to capture Republican voter pockets in the Mohawk and Hudson Valleys.

But Senator Michael Gianaris, of Queens, who runs the Democrats’ election efforts, says, don’t underestimate the power of a blue state like New York to swing the Senate to the Democrats. He says that traditionally, more Democrats that Republicans come out to vote in presidential election years in New York, though he concedes the GOP has some distinct advantages.

“Despite all of that, we’re in a position to regain the majority,” Gianaris said. “Which is a testament to the strength of our candidates, the strength of our campaigns, and just how Democratic the state really is.”

It was Governor Andrew Cuomo, New York’s most powerful and popular Democrat, who helped the Senate Republicans enact into law the new district lines drawn to the GOP’s advantage. Cuomo last March signed off on the legislature’s new lines designed by the Senate GOP and Majority Party Democrats in the Assembly.  Democrats in the Senate were so angry that they boycotted voting on the redistricting plan, as well as the governor’s bill to create a new pension tier for public workers in an all-night session in mid-March.  Relations between Senate Democrats and the Democratic Governor have been said to be tense ever since.

Cuomo prides himself on his bipartisan relationship with the Senate GOP, and credits them for helping pass a property tax cap, as well as a law to allow same sex marriage.

Libous says the Democratic governor and Republican Senate have had an excellent working relationship that has benefited both.

“We’re very proud of it, and I think the governor is, too,” Libous said.   “We’re going to use our success, and talk about it, because that’s important in keeping our conference in the majority, and in increasing seats.”

Cuomo has publicly remained neutral in his comments about party control of the Senate.

“I don’t want to tell a person in any district,  ‘you should elect a Democrat’ or ‘you should elect a Republican,’” said Cuomo. “Party labels can often be misleading.”

Cuomo has not objected to Senate Republicans using pictures of themselves with the governor in campaign mailings. And he has endorsed one GOP senator so far, Stephen Saland of the Hudson Valley, who barely beat back a primary challenge after Saland provided one of several swing votes to enact same sex marriage.

In addition, the governor is backing two Senate Democrats. One, David Carlucci, also of the Hudson valley, is not part of the Senate Democratic Conference, but is instead in a breakaway group of four Democrats in the Independent Democratic Conference, which often sides with the GOP.
Cuomo has endorsed one member of the Senate Democratic conference, Senator Joseph Addabbo of Queens, who also provided a needed yes vote on gay marriage, and who is locked in a tight race with Republican Eric Ulrich.  

Libous predicts that GOP candidate Ulrich will still be victorious.

“We’re going to beat Joe Addabo,” said Libous. “We’re going to beat him because of his horrible record on taxes, his horrible record on increasing spending.”

Gianaris says Libous is overconfident. “It’s either bravado or he’s completely mistaken about what’s going to happen,” says Gianaris. “He’s just plain wrong.”

Gianaris believes the issues that Democrats are pressing,  including an increase in the minimum wage, women’s reproductive  health rights and campaign finance reform will sway voters to the Democratic candidates.

In the end, the fight for control of the state Senate could come down to just a few hundred votes in a couple of key races.

“This is going to be close no matter how you cut it,” Gianaris said.

And he predicts that whichever side, Democrat or Republican, wins, they will hold the majority in the Senate by as little as one or two seats.

Karen DeWitt is Capitol Bureau Chief for New York State Public Radio, a network of 10 public radio stations in New York State. She has covered state government and politics for the network since 1990.